Learn English - This video lesson will teach you how to use the future tenses in the English Language. For more resources on learning how to speak English, ...


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hello and welcome everyone this is minoo


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at anglo-link this is the seventh video


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in our series learn the tenses and the


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second video about future tenses in the


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first video we looked at the differences


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between when and going to and in this


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video we're going to look at the use of


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the present continuous tense as I'm


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doing for future action and contrast it


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with going to by watching these two


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videos you will have a good


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understanding of the three main forms


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that are used in English to speak about


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future actions so when you're ready


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let's begin right let's start and


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contrast going to future with present


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continuous with the future time marker


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first of all just a brief reminder of


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the formulation of the two forms going


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to future I am going to do it you're


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going to do it he is going to do it


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etc and present continuous but this time


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including a future time marker I'm doing


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it tomorrow


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you're doing it tomorrow he is doing it


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tomorrow


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etc okay let's move on to usage now


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let's start with the second usage of the


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going to future that we looked at in the


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previous video as you remember the


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second usage was talking about a


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decision or a plan made before the time


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of speaking let's look at some examples


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my friend wants to see the town and I've


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decided to show her around I'm going to


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show her around


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she has decided to study at college she


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is going to study psychology he is


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planning to seek legal advice is made a


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decision is going to see his lawyer


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sometime next week they want to discuss


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the matter so they've decided to have a


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meeting we are going to meet soon notice


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there are all personal decisions or


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plans before the time of speaking let's


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have a look at when we use the present


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continuous plus future time marker then


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we use this formulation when it's not


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just your personal plan or decision but


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an arrangement or an appointment it's


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something you can put in your diary now


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let's take the same context and see how


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the tense changes so this time you've


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made an appointment with your friend to


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show her around the town to indicate


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this you use the present continuous and


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say when this is happening in the future


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I'm showing her around this afternoon in


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the second example she has now


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registered at college it's like an


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appointment an arrangement


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so we switch to the present continuous


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she is studying psychology next year


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let's look at the third example


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he has made an appointment with his


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lawyer


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he is seeing him next Tuesday and the


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fourth example they have now scheduled a


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meeting it's arranged it's fixed they're


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meeting at 1:00 o'clock tomorrow so


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notice how appointments and arrangements


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have been made and are not fixed in the


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future let's look at the two tenses


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together and compare so going to four


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plans and decisions usually personal


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before the time of speaking the present


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continuous including a future time


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marker for appointments and arrangements


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I'm going to show her around the town


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it's my plan my decision I'm showing her


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around the town this afternoon I have an


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appointment with her she is going to


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study psychology that's her decision


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she's studying psychology at college


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next year


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she is not registered for it he is going


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to see his lawyer next week that's what


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his planning he's meeting his lawyer on


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Tuesday he has an appointment with him


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now they're going to meet again soon


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they've decided that they're meeting at


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one o'clock tomorrow they have made an


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appointment for this meeting right in a


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dialogue you want to ask your question


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with either form


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you can ask about their personal plans


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or about their arrangements and they can


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choose the form that best fits their


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answer they will tell you whether it's


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just a plan or an arrangement so you can


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say what are you going to do tomorrow or


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what are you doing tomorrow if they have


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an arrangement they can answer with the


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present continuous for example I'm


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visiting my parents or I'm playing


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tennis with a colleague if they only


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have personal plans or decisions they


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will answer with the going to forum for


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example I'm going to finish my homework


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oh I'm going to tidy up my room note


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that it's best to avoid saying what will


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you do tomorrow unless you follow it


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with the neath what will you do tomorrow


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if you finish your work early there's


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one more point to mention to you that's


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about timetables


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if your arrangement involves an external


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timetable then you need to use the


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present simple to speak about it let's


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look at some examples for example what


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are you doing tomorrow next week etc


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let's say someone says I'm flying to


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Geneva and there's a timetable there's a


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flight timetable he or she will have to


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say my flight leaves at 11:00 a.m. we're


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going to a concert next saturday to give


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the time the concert begins with switch


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to present simple the concert


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at 8 p.m. I selected another arrangement


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she is watching a movie with us


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this evening to give the time the movie


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begins we switch to present simple the


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movie starts at 7:30 another arrangement


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there arriving by train tomorrow


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afternoon to give the timetable of the


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Train


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switch to present simple their train


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arrives at 3:15 p.m. right it's time to


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do some exercises obviously a common


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mistake can be using the present


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continuous instead of going to and


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vice-versa so let's look at some


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situations and see which sentence sounds


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better to you first example someone says


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have you booked an appointment with your


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dentist what's better to answer yes I'm


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going to see him tomorrow morning oh yes


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I'm saying him tomorrow morning well as


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it's an appointment option B is better


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present continues with the future time


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marker yes I'm seeing him tomorrow


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morning let's look at another example


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someone asks you what are your plans for


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this summer what is a better answer I'm


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going to decorate my house oh I am


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redecorating my house


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well it's your personal plan you haven't


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made any arrangements so a is more


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appropriate here I'm going to redecorate


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my house next exam


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someone asks what are you doing this


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evening


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would you say I'm going to have dinner


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with Jane oh I'm having dinner with j-b


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sounds better because it's an


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appointment with Jane she knows about it


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and our last example is the light broken


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what's the most appropriate answer here


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yes the electrician is going to come


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tomorrow to fix it


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oh yes the electrician is coming


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tomorrow to fix it pay definitely sounds


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better because you have an appointment


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with the electrician he's told you is


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coming ok let's finish our review of the


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future tenses by looking at this table


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that summarizes the uses of will going


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to and be doing well for a decision at


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the time of speaking going to for a


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decision before the time of speaking and


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be doing for an arrangement for an


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appointment and will for uncertainty


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with expressions like I think maybe


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probably and going to for certainty with


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expressions like I'm sure I'm certain


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definitely please remember that these


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aren't guidelines for you to be able to


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choose the most appropriate form in each


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situation of course sometimes both forms


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work equally well but really only a


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native speaker would know that


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instinctively


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there's a non-native speaker it is


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useful to follow these guidelines but


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allow you to be really confident in


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choosing the future forms well I hope


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you've enjoyed this video about future


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tenses and the previous one as you know


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what you need to do next is to go on our


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website angling calm read the


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explanations again and do the exercises


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to reinforce all these points and I just


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like to say thank you for watching and


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see you in the next video bye now

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공지사항 자동생성 자막

2018-10-22 16:06:41 자막 닫기
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